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Anatomy of a quack
In his book Voodoo Science, physicist Bob Park lists seven signs of pseudoscience. They are:
Recently I have had my interest in Houston cancer curer Dr Stanislaw Burzynski revived and I thought it might be instructive to see how many of these signs he shows. But first some background.
I first became aware of Dr Burzynski in 2000 when I found him using the tragedy of a child with terminal cancer in a campaign to raise money for his clinic and to swing public opinion against the FDA and anyone else who wanted to place any restriction on offering unproven cures for cancer.
Burzynski graduated as a doctor in 1967 in Poland and according to a grant application in 1973 he obtained a Doctor of Medical Science degree in 1968, although his current CV says that he was awarded a PhD in the same year. One year for a PhD seems like a short time, particularly when gained from a university that did not have a doctoral program at the time, but maybe he is very smart. It was also in 1967 that he discovered that "antineoplastons", which are peptides extracted from urine, are an almost universal cure for cancer. He currently runs a clinic in Houston, Texas, where patients pay enormous amounts of money to be included as subjects in clinical trials of antineoplastons. He does trials instead of treatments because that is all he is allowed to do, and currently has 61 such trials listed at www.clinicaltrials.gov. Fifty of these trials have had no progress reported for more than two years, one is noted as completed (in 2006), seven are shown as "Withdrawn", two are "Terminated", and one has not started recruiting subjects despite supposedly starting in December 2011. No results from any of these trials have ever been published in reputable journals, but almost miraculous results are claimed on web sites asking for money.
So how does Dr Burzynski look when passed against Dr Park's signs of pseudoscience?
There are many videos on YouTube featuring people who have been told to go home and die by oncologists but who are now leading cancer-free lives thanks to Dr Burzynski. There is a documentary which can be purchased on DVD. There are many web sites reporting miraculous results (for example a 77% reduction in Oligodendroglioma), all with the obligatory request to send money, lots of it (participation in a "trial" can cost more than $100,000 per year). There is nothing in peer-reviewed literature setting out the results of any of the trials that Burzynski has been conducting for the last 30 years.
The FDA. Need I say more?
Apparently only Burzynski can get these great results. In the absence of publication it is difficult to replicate what he does, but nobody else has been able to detect any effect of antineoplastons. There is also the matter of scientific plausibility, as no mechanism of action has been suggested.
Web sites. Videos. Advertising documentaries. Nothing but anecdotes.
To give him credit, Dr Burzynski only claims that the knowledge has been known for decades, not centuries.
Research is conducted at the Burzynski Research Institute which seems to be closely associated with the Burzynski Clinic. There is no evidence that research is being carried out anywhere else, although claims have been made by Burzynski supporters that some unnamed university in Japan is also looking into the cure. The anonymous Japanese researchers also choose not to publish anything.
Apparently antineoplastons just work. They are particularly effective against terminal brain cancers in desperate people who have access to large amounts of cash but just how chemicals that are naturally manufactured in human bodies do their work is a mystery.
I think that Professor Park would say that Dr Burzynski is a quack practising pseudoscience. I would have to agree, but I would add "charlatan" as well.
This article was published as the Naked Skeptic column in the May 2012 edition of Australasian Science
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