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Logic, Critical Thinking and Scientific Methodology

Many of the sites listed in The Millenium Project are there because they are based on a faulty understanding of how science, logic and the universe work. The sites listed here provide some of the tools needed to expose and cut through the nonsense.

There are sites listed in this category.

All Elementary Mathematics – Online Mathematical School

Australasian Science magazine (Peter Bowditch)

109 articles I wrote over 16 years for Australasian Science magazine.

"Australasian Science" magazine

Australian Skeptics Blog at Yahoo!7 (Peter Bowditch)

38 articles I wrote for Yahoo!7.

Carl Sagan's Baloney Detection Kit

Carl Sagan's classic essay on the identification of nonsense.

The Critical Thinking Community

"Critical thinking is essential if we are to get to the root of our problems and develop reasonable solutions. After all, the quality of everything we do is determined by the quality of our thinking".

The Critical Thinking Consortium

"The Critical Thinking Consortium is a non-profit association of institutional partners, school districts, faculties of education, teaching professionals, associations and other educational organizations. Our aim is to promote critical thinking from primary to post-secondary education through professional development, publications and research".

The Danger of Knowing For Sure (Peter Bowditch)

Certain events give us cause to think about what we think and how we think about it. This is an essay about skepticism and critical thinking written immediately following September 11, 2001.

Denialism Blog (Mark Hoofnagle)

"Here we will discuss the problem of denialists, their standard arguing techniques, how to identify denialists and/or cranks, and discuss topics of general interest such as skepticism, medicine, law and science"


The Fallacy Files (Gary Curtis)

Good Thinking (Simon Singh)

Internet rules and laws: the top 10, from Godwin to Poe

Logic & Fallacies

"There's a lot of debate on the net. Unfortunately, much of it is of very low quality. The aim of this document is to explain the basics of logical reasoning, and hopefully improve the overall quality of debate".

The Logical Place (Tim Harding)

Philosophers and Critical Thinkers in Senior Schools

"We are a group of teachers who love philosophy and would like to see more of it going on in schools. We also privately (and sometime publicly) campaign against irrationality and disinformation in all walks of life"

Probability and Statistics -- from MathWorld

The abuse or misunderstanding of statistics is endemic in pseudoscience. This site explains many of the tests and terms used in statistics. (Warning – lots of maths, but generally understandable by a lay person.)

Professor Tangent's Logic

Pseudodoxia Epidemica : or, Enquiries Into very many Received Tenents And commonly presumed Truths. (Sir Thomas Browne)

Sir Thomas Browne's great 1646 treatise on fallible thinking and self-deception.


Reality Check

"Reality Check is a weekly radio show hosted by Tony Pitman and broadcast on JOY 94.9 FM in Melbourne, Australia. Each week Reality Check brings you a round-up of LGBT world news and a movie review, plus a heavy dose of critical thinking and skeptical analysis of pseudoscience and the paranormal. Psychics, ghosts, UFOs, astrology, diets, alternative medicines and much more all come under the critical eye"

Responsible Thinking (Robert Korn)

People believing things that aren't true has been the cause of wars, persecutions, and other destructive consequences throughout history. Huge sums of money are spent to manipulate our beliefs for the sake of special interests. How big a problem is this? How can we avoid errors and manipulation? What can be done to improve society's concern about truth and responsible thinking? The material here is a hypertext book that is under construction.

Rhetological Fallacies

The Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

Science, Reason and Critical Thinking (Crispian Jago)

Sense About Science

"Promoting good science and evidence for the public"

The Skeptic Friends Network

"The mission of the Skeptic Friends Network is to promote skepticism, critical thinking, science and logic as the best methods for evaluating all claims of fact, and we invite active participation by our members to create a skeptical community with a wide variety of viewpoints and expertise"

The Skeptic Zone (Richard Saunders)

The Podcast from Australia for Science and Reason

Skeptical Raptor

"A Skeptical Raptor's native environment is the jungles of the internet, where junk science, pseudoscience, myths, logical fallacies, and outright lies survive unchecked. The Raptor has evolved over several million years to hunt down these anti-science prey, attempting to remove them from the internet gene pool. Remember, a Raptor is missing some table manners, so the prey may not be treated very nicely"

The Skeptic's Dictionary (Robert T. Carroll)

"A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions"

Statistical Assessment Service

The Statistical Assessment Service (STATS), a non-profit non-partisan organization, examines the way that scientific, quantitative, and social research is presented by the media and works with journalists to help them convey this material more accurately and effectively.

Steelclaws on Snake Oil

"A skeptical look at alternative medicine and related issues"

Steps Of The Scientific Method (Norman W. Edmund)

Swallowing the Camel

"Examining hoaxes, scams, controversies, rumours, schemes, bizarre ideas, bogus products, disinformation, misinformation, impractical jokes, literary fraud, and anything else that smells bad"

Thou shalt not commit logical fallacies

Urban Legends Reference Pages (Snopes)

What is pseudoscience? (Stephen K. Lower)

How it differs from science, how to spot it. Junk science, pathological science, quackery and scams.

The Woo-Woo Credo

The rules you need to follow to be a genuine Internet woo-woo or kook.

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